A Look Into Manufacturing

[Production]

In a recent paper published in Sustainable Cities and Society , three Concordia researchers look at water consumption in one urban community – in this case, the Montreal off-island suburb of Brossard, Quebec – and how that consumption fluctuates seasonally. The researchers correlated daily water consumption data they obtained from the City of Longueuil, which administers Brossard, with daily air temperature readings from Trudeau International Airport and precipitation records. They benefitted from a large data set, spanning January 2011 to October 2015. Using Bayesian statistic techniques, they noted that outdoor water consumption was higher when temperatures were higher. They did not see any link between temperature and indoor water consumption (though they did notice an uptick in use on weekends compared to weekdays). “We found that when air temperature is above a certain value, water consumption goes up,” says Samuel Li , a professor in the Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science . Li co-authored the paper with Masters student Niousha Rasi Faghihi and Fariborz Haghighat , professor and Tier 1 Concordia Research Chair in Energy and Environment. The researchers noted that Brossard’s average water consumption per capita is around 300 litres per day. “But in the summer months, when people are watering their gardens, lawns and flowers, that consumption can increase by as much as 65 per cent.” With the correlation between temperature and water use established, the researchers then asked what urban water consumption would be like around 2050. “Water infrastructure has a lifespan of about 30 years, after which it needs an upgrade,” says Li. “So what do we expect to see three decades from now?” That depends on the climate models they use.

https://www.concordia.ca/news/stories/2020/07/29/urban-water-consumption-will-increase-due-to-climate-change-concordia-research-shows.html

[Water Consumption]

Coatesville bikes COATESVILLE—As calls for police reform and sensitivity training have become a nationwide outcry, the City of Coatesville Police Department has taken an existing community engagement initiative a step further by blending time-tested training with new community-focused training to address some of today’s most pressing needs in urban policing. “During my eight-year tenure as Chief, we have underscored the importance of officer training, education and community involvement,” says Jack Laufer, City of Coatesville Chief of Police. “The national narrative calling for additional officer training has placed a greater emphasis on what we have been doing all along, but with focus on issues that have come to the forefront: de-escalation, implicit bias, and law enforcement ethics training.” “2020 has been a tough year for businesses, families, and individuals, and the stressful environment magnifies many issues. Our programs provide the training, tools, responses and options to help officers de-escalate and diffuse stressful situations safely. City Council has supported and encouraged our police department to explore training to create an atmosphere of community.” “Chief Laufer has been forward thinking in embarking on enhanced training,” says Linda Lavender-Norris, Coatesville City Council President. “He knows our community, our views and sensitivities. These are trying times, and City Council is appreciative of the police department’s open-door policy. If there is an issue, residents will be dig this heard.” “We need to build an environment where residents feel comfortable and confident when law officers are nearby,” says Sceola Wesley-Bailey, married mother of four who resides in Coatesville and runs the Chester County Mega Squad (CMS) gym. “We need to get to know each other.

https://www.dailylocal.com/news/local/coatesville-police-embark-on-new-community-focused-training/article_026f8c1a-30ca-11eb-b400-bbe527a713ff.html